Iran nuclear deal: What is it?


U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson met on Thursday with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, along with chief diplomats whose countries are signatory to the July 2015 nuclear agreement on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in NY.

During his Tuesday speech to the UN General Assembly, Trump called the agreement "an embarrassment" and "one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the United States has ever entered into". Gabriel said Germany would maintain its position on the Iran deal, regardless of which parties formed the next government.

"We have said to Kim [Jong Un] multiple times, we don't want regime change", she told CBS, but North Korea has chosen not to quit working on weapons testing.

The U.N. Security Council, meanwhile, approved a resolution supporting efforts to reform the world body's far-flung peacekeeping operations. When a mission underperforms, we should restructure it.

"We therefore are in no need of new conquests", he said.

He said he understood US concerns but thought the way to address them is to open up a negotiation created to extend limits on its nuclear program beyond 2025.

"Change it or cancel it. Fix it or nix it", Netanyahu said in his United Nations speech, saying the most important change is to eliminate the "sunset" clauses.

The president didn't mince words on Pyongyang, outlining its outrageous behavior from a self-inflicted starvation to political repression to the recent, senseless death of an American college student (returned to the United States only after he had slipped into a coma). Van Thio said "deep mistrust developed over decades has to be slowly chiseled away".

"It will be Trump's "decision alone" whether or not the United States will certify the Iran deal, but if he chooses not to, "he's on grounds not to do that", said Haley".

He called the country "a corrupt dictatorship" and "murderous regime" whose oil profits "fund Hezbollah and other terrorists that kill innocent Muslims and attack their peaceful Arab and Israeli neighbours".

Rouhani said Trump's "ignorant, absurd and hateful rhetoric filled with ridiculously baseless allegations" and was unfit to be heard at the United Nations, which was established to promote peace and respect between nations.

In a later tweet, he made clear that the comments were directed at Trump.

Donald Trump's speech to the United Nations does its best to form a synthesis out of Steve Bannon's nationalism and George W. Bush's foreign policy, but it's not exactly a coherent combination, and we can already see its blind spots. That could unravel it.

European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini put the bravest possible face on the encounter, stressing that Iran and the great powers agree the deal is "delivering".

She said the deal's preservation is important at a critical time in the world.

Trump told leaders on Monday in NY it was "one of the worst" deals the USA has entered.

"It was not a technical discussion, it was a political discussion of the political aspects", Tillerson said.

Were Trump to abandon the seven-nation deal which was agreed in 2015, Rouhani said Iran could resume its previous nuclear activities which it has always insisted was exclusively to meet its energy needs.

Low-enriched uranium, which has a 3%-4% concentration of U-235, can be used to produce fuel for nuclear power plants, but it can also be enriched to the 90% needed to produce nuclear weapons. In return, the U.S. and the European Union will suspend nuclear-related sanctions against Iran, with the lifting of all past UN Security Council sanction resolutions.

National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster said Thursday that the effects of the Iran Nuclear Deal have been the opposite of what was intended, allowing Iran to continue missile development.