After reviewing data on 10- to 19-year-olds in primarily five states (California, Colorado, Ohio, South Carolina and Washington), researchers determined that 12.5 out of every 100,000 of them had a bona fide case of type 2 diabetes in 2011 and 2012.
Among youth ages 10-19, the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes increased 3.1 percent among Hispanics. However, the Native American youth who participated in the SEARCH study are not representative of all Native American youth in the United States.
In a second study, researchers analyzed data from 36,869 patients with type 1 diabetes and 457,473 with type 2 diabetes in a Swedish National Database. While type 2 diabetes is affecting fewer children, it is still increasing faster than type 1.
Among youth aged 10 to 19 years, the rate of new diagnosed cases of T2D increased 3.1% among Hispanics. This increase came regardless of age, gender, race or ethnicity, except for white children and teens in Ohio.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease.
The study revealed that the annual increase was particularly significant in children from minority racial and ethnic groups: respectively 6.3 per cent, 8.5 per cent and 9 per cent in those from African-American, Asian and Native American families.
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not make or use insulin well. Unlike, Type 1, Type 2 diabetes can produce insulin but with difficulty.
In the past, T2D was extremely rare in youth, but it has become more common in recent years.
"These studies highlight our concerns about the increasing prevalence of diabetes".
Type 1 Diabetes TrialNet screens thousands of relatives of people with type 1 diabetes annually and conducts prevention studies with those at highest risk for the disease. The development of type 2, on the other hand, is associated with excess weight and inactivity.
The researchers believe that greater advances in treatments and managements of diabetes have led to the study results seen, hoping to see this trend continue. Whether these threats are chronic or acute, manmade or natural, human error or deliberate attack, global or domestic, CDC is the USA health protection agency.
"It's important to figure out what factors influenced the character of these trends to distinguish which factors are most important for fatal outcomes and nonfatal outcomes since there is such a strong difference between the trends, both in the type 1 and type 2 population", said Rawshani.
The racial and ethnic gap was evident in 2003, when the incidences ranged from 4.4 cases per 100,000 people for white youth to 22.6 cases per 100,000 people for Native Americans.
About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
However, diabetes is still a very serious global problem, causing around 12 per cent of deaths in the US.